JEE Main- Joint Entrance Examination

JEE Main- Joint Entrance Examination

JEE Main

JEE Main- A Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is an engineering entrance examination in India. It is used as the sole admission test by the 23 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). If you’re going to take this exam, you definitely need to write a lot. Reading and writing are two things you kind of have to do every day: reading news and articles, and writing essays. You can’t just cram them while preparing for the exam.

What is JEE Main Exam?

JEE Main is an entrance exam conducted for getting admission into the engineering courses such as B.Tech/BE and B.Arch/B.Planning in a number of universities, IITs, and NITs across India. 

                The JEE Main exam is conducted every year by NTA on behalf of MHRD, GoI. The JEE Main entrance examination was held in both online mode and offline mode papers. 

                 For admission to NITs, IIITs, and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs) candidates secured at least 75% marks in the 12th class examination, or be in the top 20 percentile in the 12th class examination conducted by the respective Boards. For candidates belonging to SC/ST category – there is a relaxation of 10% marks i.e they should have at least 65% marks in aggregate in their 12th class examination.

National Testing Agency (NTA) for JEE Main

The National Testing Agency or National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India in July 2015 to serve a single purpose: conduct, administer and maintain standards of academic accreditation across the higher education system in India. 

          The major role of the agency is to establish testing facilities at all accredited institutions. The decisions pertaining to admission will be taken by the respective institution. Similarly, evaluation of exams at every level, awarding ranks, etc., is the sole jurisdiction and power of respective evaluators (NCERT/ CBSE).

JEE Main Exam Details

The JEE Main exam is held for admission to both undergraduate and postgraduate programs, with candidates having to sit for two separate papers. For admission to undergraduate programs, candidates take paper 1 (B. E./B. Tech.), while those who wish to enroll in postgraduate programs sit for paper 2 (B. Arch./B. Planning). Paper 1 also includes a drawing test for B. Arch./B. Planning aspirants.

JEE Main Exams Notification and Exam Dates

JEE Main is conducted by NTA twice a year. The first attempt is usually held in the month of January and the second attempt is in April. The exam is conducted at various centers across the country. Students belonging to different streams such as science, arts, and commerce can apply for the exam. It is important to check the complete details related to JEE Main Exam including eligibility criteria, application dates, syllabus, admit card, result, rank predictor and counseling, etc.

JEE Main Eligibility Criteria

JEE Main 2020 eligibility criteria are mentioned below:

– Candidates should be Indian citizens.

– Foreign nationals are also eligible to apply for JEE Main.

– Appearing candidates who have passed class 12 or equivalent in the same year, or appearing in the next year are eligible to apply.

– The candidate must be born on or after October 1, 1995, if belonging to the general category. The upper age limit relaxation of 5 years is given to the SC/ST and PwD candidates.

– Candidates who have passed the class 12th exam or any equivalent qualifying examination in 2022  or before as well as those who appeared for the same in 2021 are not eligible to appear in JEE Main 2022.

– Candidates who will pass their Class 12th exam or any equivalent qualifying examination in 2021 can appear provisionally in JEE Main 2022 only after they submit proof of passing their qualifying exam at the time of counseling and seat allotment process.

JEE Main Reservation 

The quota system, which is based on caste, was established in the Indian constitution for a period of ten years. The aim was to help the backward castes to make up for the disadvantage they faced because of a caste system that had existed for hundreds of years. The reservation policy has undergone several changes during the last 60 years and today comprises a number of policies that are targeted at different sections.

The two main groups that have benefited from this policy are Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) who have been given 15% and 7.5% of government jobs and college admissions respectively. 

Another 27% is reserved for Other Backward Classes (OBCs), who are also known as Most Backward Classes or Castes (MBCs). In addition, there are separate reservations for war widows/widowers, disabled people, and women.

How to Apply For JEE Main/ Application process

The candidates who wish to apply for JEE MAINS, must visit the official website of NTA and click on the link titled “JEE MAINS” which will redirect them to the online application form.

  1.  The candidates will have to fill in their personal and academic details and submit the same. 
  1. The candidates must upload their recent passport size photograph (3.5 cm x 4.5 cm), signature, left-hand thumb impression, and post-metric SC/ST or OBC certificate (if applicable) in JPG format only (the size of the image should not exceed 100 kb). Specification regarding the uploading of photographs and signature
  1. While filling in their personal details, the candidates will have to fill out their state code of eligibility as mentioned in their domicile certificate also known as a resident proof certificate issued by the municipality or regional council or any other authority set up for this purpose by the state government concerned.
  1. The candidate will be allowed to fill their choice of cities for the exam center according to their preference during the form filling process.

JEE Main Syllabus


Complex numbers and quadratic equationsMatrices and determinants
Sets, relations and functionsMathematical induction
Permutations and combinationsMathematical reasoning
Limit, continuity and differentiabilityIntegral calculus
Three-dimensional geometryDifferential equations
Binomial theorem and its simple applicationsSequence and Series
Vector algebraStatistics and probability
TrigonometryCo-ordinate geometry


Some basic concepts in chemistryStates of matter
Atomic structureChemical bonding and molecular structure
Chemical thermodynamicsSolutions
EquilibriumRedox reactions and electrochemistry
Chemical kineticsSurface chemistry
b. Organic
Purification and characterization of organic compoundsHydrocarbons
Chemistry in everyday lifePrinciples related to practical chemistry
Organic compounds containing halogensOrganic compounds containing oxygen
Organic compounds containing nitrogenPolymers
Some basic principles of organic chemistryBiomolecules
Classification of elements and periodicity in propertiesHydrogen
Block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)P Block elements group 13 to group 18 elements
d- and f – block elementsCo-ordination compounds
Environmental chemistryGeneral principles and processes of isolation of metals


Physics and measurementRotational motion
Work, energy and powerProperties of solids and liquids
GravitationLaws of motion
Oscillations and wavesElectronic devices
Kinetic theory of gasesCurrent electricity
Communication systemsElectromagnetic induction and alternating currents
Magnetic effects of current and magnetismOptics
Electromagnetic wavesAtoms and nuclei
ElectrostaticsDual nature of matter and radiation

Exam Pattern 

JEE Main (Paper-I) Exam Pattern

Exam ModeOnline or Computer-based test mode
Exam Duration3 hours (4 hours for persons with disabilities)
SubjectPhysics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
Total number of questions90
Maximum Marks300

JEE Main (Paper-II) Exam Pattern

Exam ModeOnline or Computer-based examination except for Drawing section in B.Arch
Exam Duration3 hours
SubjectsB.Arch: Mathematics Aptitude test drawing test. Plan:MathematicsAptitude test planning test 
Total number of questionsB.Arch: 77 Questions B.Plan: 100 Questions 
Maximum Marks400

Joint Entrance Examination Main Marking

Scheme for Paper 1 is-

For MCQs – 4 Marks will be awarded for every correct answer and 1 Mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer

For an answer with a numeric value – 4 Marks will be awarded for every correct answer and 0 Mark will be deducted for every incorrect answer.


MCQsCandidates will be awarded 4 marks for each correct answer and there will be a negative marking of 1 mark on each incorrect answer.

Questions with numerical value answers – Candidates will be awarded 4 marks for each correct answer and there will be no negative marking.

Marking Scheme for Drawing Test – Two questions are evaluated out of 100 marks

JEE Main Result

The results will be published in a scorecard format, with the total and sectional scores of the candidate. The candidates whose scores meet the cut-off set by the NTA will be declared as qualified for JEE Advanced.

The final rank list for JEE Main will be released after JEE Advanced results are announced. JEE Main is used for admission to engineering courses in institutes of national importance such as IITs, NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs.

How to Prepare for Joint Entrance Examination Main

The preparation for the JEE  exam is a tough nut to crack. But with a systematic and planned approach, it is not impossible to clear the exam. Here are some tips that can help you score high in the JEE  examination:

1. Solving previous year’s papers will help you understand the paper pattern, number of questions, and marking scheme.

2. Go through the syllabus thoroughly and prepare according to it.

3. Make your own notes while studying so that revision is easy later on.

4. Watch videos and tutorials to understand difficult concepts better. They also help in visualizing the concepts clearly which makes learning more effective.

5. Give equal time to all subjects and topics as every topic has an equal weightage in the exam. Do not skip any topic or subject thinking that it is easy or not important because you never know what can come in the exam.

6. Do not get stuck on a particular question while solving a test paper, just mark it for review and move on to other questions first and then solve them later on when you have time left after solving other questions.


Students are advised to be careful while starting a JEE Main online coaching program. They should make sure that the institute provides them with a proper syllabus and also that they can deliver the actual content that they claim themselves to be on their websites. 

         With increasing competition, it is crucial that students choose a good institution to prepare for the JEE Main exam.

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