JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Examination

JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Examination

JEE Advanced 

JEE Advanced- the Joint Entrance Exam or popularly known as JEE Advanced is a national level entrance test conducted by the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) annually. The purpose of JEE Advanced is to offer admission to candidates into various undergraduate courses in engineering like Built Environment, Engineering, etc.

What is JEE Advanced Exam?

The JEE Advanced is one of the toughest exams in the country. It is conducted for admission to more than 10,000 seats in 23 IITs across India. The exam has two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2, which are conducted on a single day from 9 am to 12 pm and from 2 pm to 5 pm respectively. In 2018, it was held on 20 May in online mode only. This was the first time that JEE Advanced was held online.

JEE Advanced scores are also accepted by many universities outside India such as Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), and the University of South Australia (UniSA).

In order to appear for JEE Advanced, candidates first have to qualify for JEE Main, which is conducted by NTA twice a year. 

National Testing Agency (NTA) for JEE Advanced

The National Testing Agency or National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India in July 2015 to serve a single purpose: conduct, administer and maintain standards of academic accreditation across the higher education system in India. The major role of the NTA agency is to establish testing facilities at all accredited institutions. The decisions pertaining to admission will be taken by the respective institution. Similarly, evaluation of exams at every level, awarding ranks, etc., is the sole jurisdiction and power of respective evaluators (NCERT/ CBSE).

JEE Advanced Exam Details

The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a common engineering entrance examination in India for admission to various engineering colleges and courses all over the country.

It is constituted by two different examinations – JEE Main and the JEE Advanced. The exams are of the objective pattern. JEE Advanced is regarded internationally as one of the most challenging undergraduate admission tests. As of 2020, around 2 lakh candidates appeared for JEE Advanced.

The exams are organized by the seven zonal IITs (IIT Roorkee, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, and IIT Guwahati) under the guidance of the Joint Admission Board (JAB).

JEE Advanced Eligibility Criteria

1. Aspirants who have secured at least 75% marks in class 12th board exams or they should be in the top 20 percentile of their board exam are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced 2021. However, the aspirants belonging to SC/ST category must have at least 65% aggregate marks in class 12th.

2. Candidates who have appeared for their final qualifying exam (class 12th) and results are awaited can also apply for JEE Advanced. However, they need to produce their passing certificate by October 15, 2021.

3. Aspirants who have appeared for their class 12th exam or any other equivalent exam in 2020 or 2021 are also eligible to appear for JEE Advance 2021.

4. Any candidate can appear for JEE Advanced a maximum of two times and within two years of passing their class 12th exam or any equivalent exam.

JEE Advance Reservation 

So, you have scored in the top 20 percentile of your Board exams and are now eligible to appear for JEE Advanced. But wait, you can’t! You have to obtain a minimum of 75% marks (reservation candidates need a minimum of 65%) in Class XII or equivalent exams to be eligible for JEE advance exam.

       Also, if you are appearing for the first time, then for General/OBC candidates the upper age limit is 25 years and for Reservation candidates, it is 30 years.

Well, then even if you score well in JEE Main, you cannot appear for JEE Advanced. You can only give JEE Main till 3 consecutive attempts after which you will not be eligible to appear for it again. However, you can keep giving the Advanced exam till there is no upper age limit.

How to Apply For JEE Advance/ Application process

The candidates who wish to apply for JEE ADVANCED, must visit the official website of NTA and click on the link titled “JEE ADVANCE ” which will redirect them to the online application form.

  1.  The candidates will have to fill in their personal and academic details and submit the same. 
  1. The candidates must upload their recent passport size photograph (3.5 cm x 4.5 cm), signature, left-hand thumb impression, and post-metric SC/ST or OBC certificate (if applicable) in JPG format only (the size of the image should not exceed 100 kb). Specification regarding the uploading of photographs and signature
  1. While filling in their personal details, the candidates will have to fill out their state code of eligibility as mentioned in their domicile certificate also known as a resident proof certificate issued by the municipality or regional council or any other authority set up for this purpose by the state government concerned.
  1. The candidate will be allowed to fill their choice of cities for the exam center according to their preference during the form filling process.

JEE Advanced Syllabus


MechanicsNewton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Uniform circular motion; Relative velocity. Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders, and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus. Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves; Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns; Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).
Electricity and MagnetismCoulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field; Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor. Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current. Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter, and their conversions. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR, and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.
Thermal PhysicsThermal expansion of solids Liquids and gases Calorimetry, latent heat Heat conduction in one dimension Elementary concepts of convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling Ideal gas laws Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases) Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases Equivalence of heat and work First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases) Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.
Modern PhysicsAtomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-Life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes. Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.
OpticsRectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification. Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment.


Gaseous and Liquid StateAbsolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equationDeviation from ideality, van der Waals equation kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature law of partial pressure vapor pressure diffusion of gases.
Atomic Structure and Chemical BondingBohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers wave-particle duality, de Broglie hypothesisUncertainty principle qualitative quantum mechanical picture of the hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbital electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36)Aufbau principlePauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s ruleOrbital overlap and covalent bond hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals only orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species hydrogen bond polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only)VSEPR model and shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).
EnergeticsThe first law of thermodynamics internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume word enthalpy, Hess’s Lawhead of reaction, fusion and vapourizationSecond law of thermodynamicsEntropyFree energy criterion of spontaneity.
Chemical EquilibriumLaw of mass action equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature, and pressure)Significance of ΔG and ΔG0 in chemical equilibrium solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts)Hydrolysis of salts.
ElectrochemistryElectrochemical cells and cell reactions standard electrode potential Nernst equation and its relation to ΔGElectrochemical series, emf of galvanic cellsFaraday’s laws of electrolysisElectrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law concentration cells.
Solid StateClassification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ), the close-packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices Nearest neighbors, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.
Surface ChemistryElementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms)Colloids: types, methods of preparation, and general propertiesElementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants, and micelles (only definitions and examples).
Nuclear ChemistryRadioactivity Isotopes and isobars Properties of α, β, and γ rays Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.


MatricesMatrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, Determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.
TrigonometryTrigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, half-angle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).
Algebraof complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations. Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots. Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. Logarithms and their properties. Permutations and combinations, binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients.
ProbabilityAddition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, Bayes Theorem, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations.
Analytical GeometryTwo dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, the distance between two points, section formulae, the shift of origin. Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, a distance of a point from a line; Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines; Centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of a triangle. Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord. Parametric equations of a circle, the intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line. Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal. Locus problems. Three dimensions: Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space, equation of a plane, a distance of a point from a plane.
Integral CalculusIntegration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves. Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, separation of variables method, linear first-order differential equations

JEE Advance Exam Pattern 

The JEE (Advanced) exam is organized into two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2, each of three hours duration and will be held as per the following schedule:

Paper-1: 9.00 to 12.00 hrs IST

Paper-2: 14.00 to 17.00 hrs IST

Only those candidates who qualify in Paper-1 by being within the category-wise top 20 percentile of successful candidates of their respective Boards in the qualifying examinations (class XII or equivalent), are eligible to appear in Paper-2 of JEE (Advanced).

Both papers are compulsory. Questions will be asked from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Each question paper will consist of three separate sections viz., Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. The questions will be designed to test the comprehension, reasoning, and analytical ability of candidates. The questions can be either objective or subjective. For objective-type questions, four choices will be given out of which one answer will be correct. For subjective-type questions, the answer has to be written in the answer sheet provided by the organizers along with the question paper booklet.

JEE Advanced (Paper-I) Exam Pattern

Paper-I consists of three parts, Physics and Chemistry carrying equal weightage (4 marks each) and Mathematics carrying twice the weightage (8 marks). Each part has 30 MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) with a single correct answer. Each question will have four options out of which one option would be the correct answer.

You will get 3 hours to attempt all three parts of Paper-I. A negative marking of 1/4 mark will be done for every wrong answer.

JEE Advanced (Paper-II) Exam Pattern

Paper-II of JEE Advanced Exam contains three sections, namely Mathematics, Aptitude, and Drawing. The mathematics and Aptitude section has objective-type questions while the Drawing section has drawing-based questions. 

  1. Total Questions: 54
  2. Total Marks: 162
  3. Marking Scheme: 3 marks for each correct answer and -1 mark for each incorrect answer
  4.      Mode of Exam: Online
  5.      Duration of Exam: 3 hours

JEE Advanced Marking

JEE Advanced Exam is conducted in two papers. Both the papers are compulsory. Each question paper has three sections- Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

Each section has 20 multiple choice questions, five each with one, two, three, and four marks respectively. There is a negative marking of 1/4 for the wrong attempt for the 1 mark question and a negative marking of 1/2 for the wrong attempt for the 2 marks question. There is no negative marking for 3 or 4 marks questions.

Difference Between JEE Main And JEE Advanced

Both JEE Main and JEE Advanced are held as computer-based tests. The difference between the exams is in terms of the level of difficulty and the number of students who can take the exam.

JEE Main is conducted by the CBSE for admission to NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs. While JEE Advanced is conducted for admission to IITs.

JEE Advanced is considered one of the toughest engineering entrance exams in India. It is mandatory for candidates to qualify in JEE Main before they can appear for JEE Advanced.

Every year around 2 lakh students are selected from JEE Main, who are then eligible to write JEE Advanced examination.

To be eligible to write JEE Advanced, candidates need to secure a minimum of 75 percent marks in their class 12th board exams (65% for SC/ST and PWD). The qualifying percentage may vary from year to year depending on the decision taken by the concerned authorities.

How to Prepare for JEE Advanced

The preparation for the JEE ADVANCED  exam is a tough nut to crack. But with a systematic and planned approach, it is not impossible to clear the exam. Here are some tips that can help you score high in the JEE ADVANCED  examination:

1. Solving previous year’s papers will help you understand the paper pattern, number of questions, and marking scheme.

2. Go through the syllabus thoroughly and prepare according to it.

3. Make your own notes while studying so that revision is easy later on.

4. Watch videos and tutorials to understand difficult concepts better. They also help in visualizing the concepts clearly which makes learning more effective.

5. Give equal time to all subjects and topics as every topic has an equal weightage in the exam. Do not skip any topic or subject thinking that it is easy or not important because you never know what can come in the exam.

6. Do not get stuck on a particular question while solving a test paper, just mark it for review and move on to other questions first and then solve them later on when you have time left after solving other questions.

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