What is P/B Ratio? | How to Calculate it?

What is PB Ratio How to Calculate it

The P/B ratio is the price of a stock divided by its book value. It’s also known as the P/B price ratio or price-to-book ratio. The total book assets, such as real estate and plant and equipment, are divided by the total book liabilities, such as accounts payable and accrued liabilities, to arrive at the book value. The price-to-book ratio is useful because it shows how much the book assets are worth in comparison to the book liabilities.

What is the P/B ratio?

The current price of a company’s stock divided by its book value per share is the P/B ratio, which is a typical stock market ratio. It is one of the most fundamental ratios in the financial markets, and it is frequently used as a liquidity ratio in the stock market to determine if a firm is financially healthy.

The price-to-book (P/B) ratio of a corporation is divided by its sales-to-market (S/M) ratio. This ratio is frequently used to compare a company’s price-to-earnings ratio to its book-to-market value. A high P/B ratio indicates that a company’s stock is selling at a premium to its book value.

How to calculate the P/B ratio?

The price-to-book ratio is one of the most used methods for determining a company’s worth. This figure depicts a company’s cash balance versus the value of its assets, such as stock and inventories. The P/B ratio indicates how valuable a company is. The worse the value, the lower the P/B ratio.

P/B stands for price per share. B = The number of shares typically purchased to obtain one unit of profit or gain. The higher the P/B ratio, the more shares you’ll need to acquire to make a profit or gain. The lower the P/B ratio, the fewer shares you’ll need to acquire to make a profit or gain.

Why is the P/B ratio important?

The price-to-book ratio is significant because it may assist investors in determining if a company’s market price is acceptable when compared to its balance sheet. For example, if a business has a high price-to-book ratio, investors could consider whether that value is justified based on other factors like past return on assets or earnings-per-share growth (EPS). The price-to-book ratio is also commonly used to screen potential investments.

What are the benefits of having a high P/B ratio?

The P/B ratio is the most important financial ratio because it reveals the profitability of a company. A high P/B ratio means that a company is selling its products at a high price relative to its sales.

1. A high PB ratio suggests that the stock of a company is overvalued. This reduces the likelihood of the stock being sold and raises the likelihood that the company will be able to pay its debts.

2. A high PB ratio suggests that the company will produce money in the future. This raises the stock’s value and enhances the likelihood of a profit for the investor.

3. It could also signal that the company is riskier than other stocks and that it is only worth investing in if the investor is convinced that the company will be able to pay back the money.

What are the dangers of having a low PB ratio?

One of the most important dangers of having a low PB ratio is that it can leave you vulnerable to a major drop in your account value. This can happen even in a strong market, if you are trading with a small account, or if you are trading options or futures. This is why it is so important to trade with a broker that has a high enough PB ratio to protect your account.

1. A low PB ratio suggests that the stock of a company is overvalued.

2. It may cause investors to sell a company’s stock, resulting in a drop in the stock price.

3. If not remedied soon, a low PB ratio can lead to a drop in a company’s stock price.

How to identify high P/B ratio stocks

The PB ratio, or price to book value ratio, compares a company’s market and book value. Consider a firm that is going to be dissolved. It liquidates all of its assets and settles all of its obligations. The company’s book value is whatever is leftover. The PB ratio is calculated by dividing the market price per share by the book value per share. For example, a PB ratio of 2 indicates that we pay Rs 2 for every Rs 1 in book value. The stock becomes more costly as the PB rises.

The PBV of most businesses is more than one. This indicates that its market worth exceeds its book value. What is the reason behind this? There are two options.

First, if the firm is predicted to create sufficient earnings in the future, investors will pay a premium over the book value. These earnings support a market value that is higher than the book value.

Second, the firm’s book value may be out of date. For example, the value of an asset on a company’s balance sheet frequently reflects the cost of the item. This is not always the asset’s current value. Property is the finest example of this, as its value normally rises with time. In this situation, the genuine book value exceeds what the financial accounts indicate.


The price to book ratio evaluates whether a company’s stock is cheap or overpriced in the market. It uses two variables: the market price per share and the book value per share.

A ratio less than one indicates that the firm may be undervalued and will deliver a greater return in the future. A ratio greater than one indicates that the investment is more secure.

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